An aquarium heater is a critical component of any freshwater tank.
There are a variety of sizes, styles and power so to avoid the confusion we have put together this review of the best heater for a 20 gallon aquarium.
20 Gallon Aquarium Heater
Aqueon Pro Heater Heater
Eheim Jager Heater
Finnex Electronic Controller
Some Notes About 20-Gallon Freshwater Aquariums
The 20-gallon aquarium is possibly the most popular sized tank in the fish keeping hobby. Freshwater tanks of this size come in a variety of shapes that offer the owner more options for display and function.
Due to their larger size, these tanks are able to house more fish as well as fish of a larger size. You need to select a heater for your tank that is effective and safe.
Water Temperatures And Fluctuations In A 20-Gallon Aquarium
Fish are classified as poikilotherm, which means that they are not capable of generating their own body heat internally. Due to this, they must be able to gain internal heat from outside of their body. This heat is absorbed by the water that they live in.
A good rule of thumb for temperature ranges in a freshwater aquarium will range between 71 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit. This temperature range will be finite with particular species of tropical fish. The water volume in a 20-gallon tank will not fluctuate as quickly as the water in smaller aquariums.
Even so, the temperatures in these tanks can lower and rise with fluctuations in your home. Consistent temperatures prevent your pets from becoming stressed. Water temperatures that become too high or low can affect the health of fish and may even kill them.
Heater Power Or Wattage Ratings
The ability of a heater to control water temperature is based on wattage. The higher the wattage rating, the more powerful a product will be. In general, heaters below 50-watts are not powerful enough to maintain proper temperatures while heaters greater than 100-watts are too powerful.
A basic formula for calculating heater wattage is to use 2.5 to 5 watts for each gallon of water. A tank with a lot of space taken up with decorations will take less wattage per gallon and a barren tank will usually take more. Room temperatures also factor into this, as colder rooms will require more wattage to maintain water temperatures.
The Number Of Heaters Used
Often, owners may be tempted to use more than one heater of lower wattages to maintain temperatures in tanks larger than 10-gallons. Some enthusiasts also do this for safety reasons, using a second heater as a back-up. A 20-gallon tank is still small enough that a single heater should be sufficient.
A single heater of the proper wattage will efficiently maintain water temperatures evenly. Multiple heaters in a 20-gallon tank may also keep the temperature too high for the fish. Also, space will still be a consideration for a 20-gallon tank.
The Types Of Heaters Available For A 20-Gallon Aquarium
There are different styles of heaters available to use with freshwater aquariums, and some are more or less effective than others.
Because these heaters can be fully submerged, they do not take up room outside of the tank. Many products are available in the desired wattage range that will take up a minimal amount of space. These heaters are considered by many to be the best option for a 20-gallon freshwater aquarium.
The next best choice for a tank of this size may be this style of heater. Also known as a hanging heater, the heating element and sensor will be submerged while the rest of the unit hangs off of the side of the tank. While this does take up more room on the exterior than a submersible, it is still more compact than other designs.
This design is located outside of the tank between it and the filtering system. It will take up more exterior space, which may still be a consideration for you if you have limited room. The range that these products are offered in is often 100-watts or greater.
These units are located in the filter/pump system. They may be too large for a 20-gallon filter set-up. They are usually produced at levels greater than 100-watts.
This design is usually a cord buried in the substrate. Due to this, they are harder to maintain than other types of heaters. The power levels for most heaters of this type are 150-watts or greater, which is too powerful for a 20-gallon tank.
Best 20-Gallon Tank Heater Reviews
Aqueon Pro Heater Aquarium Heater 100 Watt
A well-built submersible heater that offers consistent tank heating.
The Aqueon Pro is a highly durable heater that is shatterproof and is fully submersible. The automatic shut-off engages to prevent overheating and will re-engage once the unit has cooled down.
The design of the Pro heater is made to last.
The manufacturer is confident enough in their product that they offer a limited warranty on the lifetime of this product. An LED is always working, with the color red indicating the Pro is heating the water and the color green highlighting that it is not.
The adjustment may prove to be highly sensitive and require some effort to get the exact levels you desire.
This heater may be bumped or nudged off of settings more easily than other models.
Eheim Jager Submersible Aquarium Heater 100 Watt
A strong heater that is loaded with extra safety features.
Eheim’s Jager is designed for durability and comes with features to help extend its lifetime. The glass is shatter-proof as well as shock resistant. A simple on and off indicator allows you to view the product’s status with a single look.
The Jager will shut off automatically if it senses that the water level is too low.
This submersible heater has overheating safety controls that will aid in low water level shutdown. The TruTemp dial allows you to recalibrate the temperature settings, which can help you get the exact level you need.
The temperature controls can be sensitive, requiring more work to calibrate the desired temperature.
This heater attaches to the aquarium wall by suction cups.
Neo-Therm Aquarium Heater - Cobalt Aquatics 100 Watt
A highly durable heater with extra built-in safety features.
The Neo-Therm is fully submersible and built in a modern, flat design. A built-in LED display shows both the temperature settings and water temperature at the same time.
This heater has a temperature range from 66 to 96 degrees Fahrenheit.
The controls offer easy access with a one-touch control system, which can make adjustments easy from anywhere in the tank. Added thermal protection on the circuitry shuts the heater down before it overheats, which can extend the life of the heater.
The freshwater and saltwater capabilities will help to prevent this product from rusting or corroding over time. The 100-watt system was designed for tanks up 24 pounds, so this should provide more than enough power for a 20-gallon tank.
Finnex Electronic Controller Aquarium 100 Watt
A titanium heating tube with guard and external heater controls.
This hang-on aquarium heater comes with a titanium metal tube that offers durability, and a control box that hangs from the tank. The system heats up quickly and is easy to hide with a thin diameter.
The Finnex controls are easy to access without having to put your hands into the water.
LED indicators allow you to know when the heater is running, which allows you to inspect the status with just a glance. The product comes with a heater guard that can help to protect your fish from direct contact with the element.
The temperature can vary by a couple of degrees, which will require observation to get set properly.
The Finnex uses suction cups to attach to the wall of your fish tank.
Hygger Submersible Quartz Glass Aquarium Heater 100 Watt
A low-cost glass tube heater with added guard protection.
The quartz glass design of this unit is economical, but perhaps not as durable as other designs. The control knob is located on the top of the heater and is easy to turn.
The Hygger comes with a guard to help shield your fish from making direct contact with the quartz glass tube.
This submersible heater has a temperature range between 61 and 89 degrees Fahrenheit, which can give you more heating options than some products on the market.
The quartz glass that covers the heating element is not as durable as some of the other products reviewed.
This heater comes with a power cord that is just over five and a half feet in length.
The Best Heater For 20 Gallon Aquariums From Our Reviews
After reviewing the previous five heaters, we feel that the Eheim Jager Submersible Aquarium Heater 100 Watt offers the best combination of features. The durable design, including the shock resistant and shatterproof glass, are important. The size is adequate to keep a 20-gallon aquarium warm.
Even though the temperature controls can be sensitive, they allow you to precisely adjust the temperature. The safety control features that guard against damage from accidental dry running are superb. After reading this, we hope that you agree and perhaps give it a try!
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