Betta fish care picture

Pic by Twitter follower @r0beKa – Thanks 🙂

Betta fish care sheet

This is the ultimate one page betta fish care guide it outlines each important aspect of betta fish care, from tank size to tank mates.

By looking at the natural habitat of the betta fish we will see…

  • Why betta fish should not live in vases
  • Whether you should have a heater on your tank
  • Are tank mates a good idea?
  • Plus a whole lot more

It’s great that you are here ready to learn more about betta care, hope this page helps!

Please remember to use the social share buttons if you feel this page is of value – we think this page could help improve the conditions of many betta fish’s lives if shared wide enough!

Ok, let’s help some betta fishes.

Looking at a betta fish’s natural habitat for basic betta care.

Tank Size

Natural Habitat

The natural habitat of the betta fish is the shallow streams and rice paddies of Thailand. Though shallow these are huge areas of wetland.

Do

Do Not

-Give your betta a lot of personal space.-‘Shallow stream’ does not mean ‘can live in a jar’. A shallow stream still has plenty of space for a betta to swim!
– A 5 gallon tank is a perfect size for one male betta (but the bigger the better).
– Keep your betta fish in a small vase or bowl.

Water Temperature

Natural Habitat

The tropical waters of Thailand (formally Siam).

Do

Do Not

-Keep your betta fish’s water in the high 70s deg F (78 – 80F). -Keep your betta fish in cold water.
-Put a heater on a tank <1 gallon. Heaters on small tanks will heat too quickly which is bad for the fish’s health.

Water Level

Natural Habitat

Betta fish are labyrinth fish. Using a special bladder to breathe from the water’s surface.

Do

Do Not

-Leave some space at the top of your tank for the fish to come to the surface for air. -Leave no space.  It is very bad for the betta’s health if they do not use their labyrinth bladder from time to time.
-Fill water to the top with no lid. Betta fish can be good jumpers!

Filter

Natural Habitat

Wild betta fish are from still waters.

Do

Do Not

-Use a gentle filter. This will keep up the water conditions longer and the tank cleaner. Resulting in fewer and smaller water changes (which can stress your fish). -Keep your betta in a tank without a filter if you are not prepared to do regular and large water changes. Dirty water is the cause of so many diseases.

Diet

Natural Habitat

Betta fish prey on small insects / insect eggs / larvae at the water surface

Do

Do Not

-Feed your betta fish with a few betta specific pellets per day.
-Frozen Bloodworms can be a treat.
-Overfeed your betta. A betta’s stomach is about the size of its eye. Overfeeding can lead to many problems
-Use generic aquarium flakes. It is best to stay away from the generic flakes and to use the food specifically created for betta fish.

Tank Mates

Natural Habitat

Betta fish live quite a solitary life in the wild. Male bettas particularly are territorial of other colorful males that could pose a threat.

Domesticated betta fish were once bred for fighting. This aggression can still be seen in domesticated bettas today. They are called ‘Siamese fighting fish’ for a reason.

Do

Do Not

-Give your betta plenty of personal space. We recommend 5 gallons of personal space before introducing any other fish into the tank
-Bottom feeders (sucker fish) generally make good tank mates as they stay out of the betta’s way (they also help clean algae from the tank).
-Keep two male betta fish together in the same tank
-Keep betta fish with fish with bright colors and flowing fins. Bettas will still feel threated by these fish and may fight.

Tank Ornaments / Plants

Natural habitat

Betta fish come from shady rice paddies / stream often surrounded by submerged plants.

Do Do Not
-Give your betta fish a tank that is planted with shady areas and places to hide
-Drift wood is often a favourite betta decoration. Swimming and hiding under the uneven stumps.
-Place ornaments that are rough or have sharp edges. Betta’s fins are very delicate.
-Use a standard terracotta pot. This seems to be popular in some aquariums but I have seen some horrible injuries to fish on its sharp edges.
-A bare tank is not very exciting for your betta fish.

Light

Natural Habitat

In the wild betta fish would get regular periods of light and dark from the sun. They live in shaded water.

Do

Do Not

-Provide a light period to your betta throughout the day. An aquarium light on your tank is recommended.
-Turn this light off during the night, giving your betta fish time to rest (as it would in the wild).
-Include shaded areas in your tank for your betta to relax.
-Keep a light on all night. This can stress the fish.
-Put your tank in direct sunlight. This promotes algae growth which will then lead to more regular tank cleaning.

We hope all that information was helpful to you. Hope you learned something and agreed with what we had to say, we would love to hear your thoughts on Twitter @BettaInfo.

As we mentioned before, hit those social buttons because we believe that this page can really help improve some betta’s lives. This one page guide was written to educate and stop the betta fish in a vase craze! Thank you! 🙂

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Subscribe today and receive a FREE Betta Fish Care for Beginners eBook

Are you a little betta fish crazy? Join over 5500 members and subscribe to our email newsletters for betta fish care tips, betta fish fun and a free betta fish care book.

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